Orthopedics is a branch devoted to diagnosing, treating, or preventing musculoskeletal diseases and injuries. This specialty deals with conditions affecting the bones, joints, muscles, tendons, ligaments, and muscles. We will discuss what qualifies for orthopedic Surgery and the different types performed.
Orthopedic Surgery: What is it?
Orthopedic Surgery, a medical specialty, deals with diagnosing and treating musculoskeletal problems and injuries. These conditions can affect the bones of the joints, muscles, tendons, and ligaments and may be caused by injury, trauma, aging, disease, or other causes. Orthopedics aims to improve the muscles and tendons’ function, reduce pain, and improve quality of life.
What qualifies as Orthopedic Surgeon?
Orthopedic Surgery can encompass a range of procedures, including minor repairs and major reconstructions. The most common types are:
Joint Replacement: Joint replacement is an orthopedic procedure that removes a damaged, diseased or defective joint and replaces it with an artificial one. This is often performed to treat arthritis or joint degeneration.
Arthroscopy: This minimally invasive procedure allows orthopedic surgeons to view inside a joint with a small digital camera. This procedure can diagnose and treat many types of joint conditions.
Fracture Repair: This is a common form of orthopedic Surgery. It involves resetting fractured bones and securing them with screws, plates, etc.
Spinal Surgery: It is a complex and delicate procedure.
Ligament Repair and Tendon Surgery: This procedure is commonly used to treat torn ligaments or other conditions, such as the anterior cruciate and rotator-cuff ligaments (ACLs).
Cartilage repairs: These procedures treat damaged cartilage, such as those in the knees and other joints. These procedures can reduce pain and restore joint function.
Osteotomy: Osteotomy, also known as a bone repositioning or cutting procedure, is a surgery that improves the alignment of bones. This procedure is frequently used to treat osteoarthritis.
Bone Grafting: Bone grafting is a procedure where bone tissue is transferred from one part to another. This procedure often promotes bone healing and growth after fractures or bone loss.
Choosing an Orthopedic surgeon
A qualified and experienced orthopedic surgeon is essential if you’re thinking of Orthopedic Surgery. Make sure you choose a surgeon who is experienced in the type of procedure you need and is board-certified. Consider factors such as their location, office hours, insurance acceptance, and how accessible they are to you.
Orthopedic Surgery: Recovering
The orthopedic surgery type and the patient’s circumstances will determine the recovery time. Some procedures may require immobilization and physical therapy, while others may recover shorter. You should carefully follow your Surgeon’s post-operative instructions to ensure a smooth, successful recovery.
Orthopedic Surgeon is a sub-specialty in medicine that focuses primarily on diagnosing, treating, preventing, and managing musculoskeletal and injury conditions. Orthopedic Surgery is common and includes joint replacements, arthroscopy procedures, fracture repair surgery, spinal surgery, and tendon- and ligament repair. Finding an experienced, qualified surgeon to perform orthopedic surgery is important. Follow their instructions closely after the operation to get the best possible outcome.
It is also important that you remember that orthopedic Surgery is not always the best or only option to treat musculoskeletal disorders. Before considering Surgery, your ortho surgeon may recommend nonsurgical treatment such as medication or physical therapy.
A majority of musculoskeletal conditions do not require Surgery. Orthopedic doctor can diagnose and treat minor fractures, such as sprains and strains, without requiring Surgery.